pig farming business plan

Pig Farming Business Plan (updated)

This pig farming business plan was prepared based on years of experience in managing a pig farm. It has been rigorously prepared to assist anyone who want to go into pig farming business. The proposal can also be used to seek for financial assistance.

This pig farming business proposal was prepared based on years of experience in managing pig farms. It was submitted in pursuit of a soft loan from a financial institution. The business proposal can serve as a guide to anyone who wishes to go into the piggery business.

Prices used in this business proposal may differ depending on location and would have changed due to the inflation rate. You can change the prices based on your stock and the current market price in your location.

Pig Farming Business Plan (updated) 1

We advise that you be thorough in the cleanliness and management of your pig farm to avoid the outbreak of diseases. Experience has shown that one major loss you may incur is due to the outbreak of disease. This will result if you fail to be hygienic, vaccinate your pigs appropriately, and restrict the movement of persons around your farm.

By using this business proposal you accept that we are not liable to losses incurred in your pig farming business.

Get Started with pig farming business cost calculator:

Executive Summary

In the zeal to give support in the fight against the dwindling economic situation of the nation and in a bid to help diversify the economy as to reduce the tension of the heavy dependency on crude oil exploration, the management of ________ pig farms applies the innovative methodology and creative ideas to uniquely brand our product to solve the problem of a well-defined market of over 15 million people.

___________  pig farming business is an establishment whose area of business will involve the production, packaging, and marketing of highly nutritional livestock food – pork meat. As a result of high demand for white meat to replace the overemphasized red meat which has been noted for its effect on the health situation of the masses, ___________ pig farms intends to bridge the demand-supply gap in the pork meat market.

Successful establishment of ___________ pig farming business will help to provide highly nutritional meat for a large population of the country, solve the problem of restiveness and unemployment of youths, contribute to the nation’s economy as well as encourage the Nigerian youths to venture into entrepreneurship and create jobs for others.

The project which is estimated to cost the sum of two million, seven hundred and fifty thousand naira (N2,750, 000) is expected to return so fast on investment and break-even of all its invested capitals within one year and eleven months of operation. The innovative features of the business lie mainly in the production process and the process of product delivery. Instead of the usual seven to twelve months, most pig farmers spend to raise a well mature pig, the management of ___________ pig farms has researched and discovered how to raise a well mature pig in just four (4) months, which will give us a turnover edge over our competitors.

Pig Farming Business Plan (updated) 2

___________ pig farming business products will be consumed at all seasons and by all manner of people due to their nutritional value. The social and religious belief that forbids the eating of pork has been recently upturned by the level of awareness and benefits of white meat over red meat and also by the improved level of cleanliness in the training of the pigs. The change in the feed formulae also contributes to the nutritional value of the meat. This is part of the reason our market is unlimited.

On the other hand, the new invention in the preservation, package, and use of animal waste as organic manure and the high demand for such has paved the way for more profitability, result in addition to the cleanliness of the environment and reduction in environmental pollution of pig farms.

We have a strong conviction of success in the business because we have invested so much in information about the business and we are so willing to spend even more in the research and development department of the business. Our product primary market is over 10 million people and our secondary market is over 30 million people of mixed sexes, ages, and income levels. The management of _________ pig farms has received timely training on how to keep learning in the process of building businesses to achieve success. Therefore ___________ pig farming business is a venture that is viable, profitable, and sustainable. 

Business Overview

Description of pig farming business

Pig farming in Nigeria is an interesting adventure that involves raising livestock animals for food or meat, from the weaner stage to consumable size.

_____________ has the interest in culturing a unique animal of high nutritional value, naturally, pigs have fast growth but the long breeds like Auckland Island pig, Bazna, Bisaro, and British landrace grows very fast and has a high surviving rate, and it’s resistant to diseases. These advantageous qualities make the production cost of piggery lower than its range of market prices presently; livestock farming is a very lucrative and profitable business because of its high and increasing demand in Nigeria.

The plan is to brood and sales method, a situation where the pig will only stay for four months before maturity and it will be sold without keeping it to reproduce which will be very expensive.

The pork meat that will be cultured in our pig farm, ___________ pig farm have a special advantageous quality such as high resistance to disease, high protein content, high digestibility, and high maturity rate which will enhance profitability.

The production requirement includes a borehole for water, Pen (Pig house), generator, land, plastic tanks, etc. The simple process involved in the production of ___________ pig farm includes Stocking of the piglets, feeding of the animal, Cleaning of the rooms, administering of blood meal, and antibiotic and finally harvesting of the animal after 4 months of maturity.

Vision and mission

Mission Statement

  • This is firstly targeted at ensuring the financial well–being of the business.
  • To create at least 150 jobs in 10 years
  • Dedicated to providing our customers with the best quality livestock meat which will serve as a source of food and protein to mankind.
  • In 3 years from the inception of the business, we anticipate that our impact on our host community, youth, and the general public would be so visible through our sense of mission.

Vision Statement

___________ pig farms vision is to become the most celebrated live-stock farm in the southern part of Nigeria in terms of output, size, innovation, quality, product, and the best product delivery.

Pig farming business objectives

  1. To create employment opportunities for the youths of Nigeria.
  2. To increasingly contribute meaningfully to the country’s revenue as the business grows.
  3. To apply my innovative ideas in providing well-processed livestock meat of high value to our customers.
  4. To maintain 100% of her customer based on consistent customer service.
  5. To effectively sensitize other youths on the need to be self-employed and to unleash their entrepreneurial spirit through training and sponsorship.

Value proposition

  • ___________ pig farms will serve as a source of encouragement and training for the Nigerian youths that want to venture into entrepreneurship which will help to solve the unemployment problems in Nigeria.
  • After thorough research on the health status of the Nigerian populace and the decreasing rate of adequate nutritional balance in their food, it becomes a necessity for ___________ pig farms to intervene in the production of high-quality meat like pork meat which will suit and alleviate the yarning’s for a quality and quantity supply of livestock products in the country.

Critical success factor

The critical keys to success of ___________ pig farm are follows

  1. ___________ pig farms are into a business that has a large market of over 20 million people ready to buy our product every time and success.
  2. Our management team is very innovative and skillful, they are ready to think critically and generate outstanding ideas on how to be pacesetters.
  3. Our entrepreneurial qualities of decisiveness, self-control, determination, ability to focus, and trustworthy character are also our strengths.
  4. Constant research by the company to keep knowledge of market needs and quick ability to respond to them.
  5. Establishment of good relationships and trust with our customers as a shield from future competition.
  6. Constant evaluation of the strength and weaknesses of the company with proper adjustments made as warranted.

Current status of the business

___________ pig farm is a startup business.

Everything needed for this business to start has been budgeted for or identified. The land which is one of the most important factors have been made available, generators, some of the prospective customer have been identified, and the workers have been recruited coupled with an advert that has been placed both in radio and social networks. ___________ pig farm will likely to kick off by “THIS DATE”.

Description of business industry

The pig farming business in Nigeria is an interesting adventure that involves raising livestock animals for food or meat, from the weaner stage to consumable size.

pig farming business proposal
Pig Farming Business

_____________ has the interest in culturing a unique animal of high nutritional value, naturally, pigs have fast growth but the long breeds like Auckland Island pig, Bazna, Bisaro, and British landrace grows very fast and has a high surviving rate, and it’s resistant to diseases. These advantageous qualities make the production cost of piggery lower than its range of market prices presently; livestock farming is a very lucrative and profitable business because of its high and increasing demand in Nigeria.

The plan is to brood and sales method, a situation where the pig will only stay for four months before maturity and it will be sold without keeping it to reproduce which will be very expensive.

The pork meat that will be cultured in our farm, ___________ pig farm have a special advantageous quality such as high resistance to disease, high protein content, high digestibility, and high maturity rate which will enhance profitability.

 The production requirement includes Borehole for water, Pen (Pig house), generator, land, plastic tanks, etc. the simple process involved in the production of ___________ pig farm includes Stocking of the piglets, feeding of the animal, Cleaning of the rooms, administering of blood meal, and antibiotic and finally harvesting of the animal after 4 months of maturity.

Contribution to the local economy

___________ pig farming business will be of benefit to the local economy in the following ways:

  1. Creation of employment opportunity for the Youths.
  2. It will provide food (meat) with good vitamins and protein.
  3. ___________ pig farming business will lead to the improvement of the economy of the individuals and government.
  4. In the long run, it will serve as a tourist Centre.
  5. It will serve as a medium for foreign exchange.
  6. It will serve as the Centre of learning for entrepreneurs.
  7. It is a means to encourage agriculture in Nigeria.
  8. The animal dungs are used as manure by farmers.
  9. It is a source of revenue for me and my family.

Marketing Plan

Description of product

The process of development of ___________ products is not in any way tedious or technical. Our development virtually involves all the staffs of ___________ Pig farms that can help in the process of stocking, feeding, cleaning, and harvesting of the products. The head of the team is the CEO/president of the company, MR. _____________. who will supervise the processes and give any technical advice to other employees.

___________ Pig farming business offers unique livestock products with high nutritional value. We intend to differentiate ourselves by our unique packaging which will maintain us as a brand. We shall be ensuring that our products are sold at a uniform price in any part of the country. Our product shall not be a commodity for everybody, it will be specially designed for people who know the value of our product and he will be willing to exchange their money for the value.

cute pig sitting in barn
Pig Farming: (Credit: Photo by Barbara Barbosa on Pexels.com)

Market Growth

The rate at which the pork meat market is growing has been quite interesting in that the demand for white meat is almost doubling every year. The reason for this is because of the increasing awareness created by the white meat ages of white meat and seafood over red meat. People continually become aware of the high proteinous nature of pork meat. Pork meat is eaten by the rich, the middle class, and the poor. This means that pork meat will be eating by all manner and classes of people thereby making the entire population the target market.

The opportunity

There are business internal environmental factors that can affect the business.

Patents: ___________ Pig farms will ensure that our products will be certified by the standard organization of Nigeria (SON) and get our trademark. Also, our future services like the company’s book will be patent so that no illegal competitor can copy them.

Strong brand names: One unique marketing strategy of our products is that it is not meant for everybody, our products are only meant for our customers, so we produce the commodity, but a brand. At the startup of the strong brand name, but with time we shall succeed.

Good reputation among customers: ___________ company is a business where there shall be trust between us and our customers. We shall maintain quality, make on-time delivery of our products to our suppliers, and keep to our words.

Cost advantages from proprietary know-how: the management of ___________ Pig farms here made through research and discovered the best way to optimize the cost of pig production. We can now harvest our matured pigs in 4-months against most of our competitors that almost spend 7-8 months to raise a mature pig.

Pricing strategy

The marketing strategy of ___________ pig farm is to employ every necessary road map towards reaching the goal of selling a reasonable product.

Therefore, we are going to apply good market segmentation, and take advantage of our right positioning, unique process, attractive promotion, and good pricing strategy to gain market penetration and get the anticipated share of 0.0% and 10% of the market before the first 5 years and 15 years respectively in the industry.

Pig Farming Business Plan (updated) 3

We shall brand our products and make them different from what is already in existence in the market. We will ensure that the products are well packaged.

___________ pig farming business plans to get her customers through developed efficient marketing campaign targeted customers.

Target market

___________ pig farming business target all the people who cook in their houses and those that visit hotels and eateries in Umuahia, Aba, Owerri, and Okigwe. These include the businessmen and women, bank workers, civil servants, oil company workers, teachers, students, visitors even farmers, etc. we intend to supply those hotels that will sell to their final consumers.

Distribution strategy

The major problems Nigeria is facing are poverty, hunger, and health problems due to malnutrition. That is why the government is out to invest in agriculture and support anyone that wants to go into agriculture. Therefore, ___________ Pig farms being a business that will provide food and employment to Nigeria citizens is a business with a choice product and services both to the government and the populace.

Promotion Strategy

We will start by designing signposts at the entrances of our outlet shops. Also, personal (one-on-one) adverts will be effectively used, where we shall be contacting the eateries, hotels, and restaurants around to tell them about our product.

There will be an effective use of the internet to market our product. The farm already has an e-mail and Facebook account through which the product is being communicated and advertised. Our potential customers have started expecting the arrival of the product in the market.

As the company grows and the network of our customers expands, we intend to subscribe to the television and outline advertisement that can be viewed by millions of population that use the net. The farm will also have a well-designed website where millions of potentials customers will be directed to post their comments and learn more.

Competition

Recently, there is no stiff competition in the pork business especially in the southeastern part of Nigeria because there is a massive shortfall in the supply of other substitutes like beef and fish in the market. Secondly, the size of the pork meat and the price in comparison to other competitors are different. In this effect, the ___________ Pig farming business has gathered quality knowledge and experience as regards the production of quality pork products that are most desirable in the market.

Our products are designed for those who know the nutritional values of our pork products and are willing to spend on them. Also, our society is getting more advanced and people are getting busier due to the improved means of growing pigs introduced by the ___________ Pig farms and how the waste product is being recycled for agricultural (farming) purposes.

Amongst all the dealers of pig products, none of them has the concept of drying and packaging of the waste which we are improving to meet the status of exporting to other localities with time. This will give us a good edge over our competitors.

Production/ Operation Plan

Description of location

___________ pig farming business is located _______________________.

Raw material

The following are the raw materials that will be needed in ___________ pig farming business from time to time.

MATERIALDESCRIPTION/ USESKEYS SUPPLIER/ SOURCE
PKC (feed)This is one of the feed that the pigs feed on, it is a rich source of vitamins, protein, fat and oil, calcium, etc. it nourishes their body and makes them grow fast.I will be buying from Umuahia.
Blood mealThis is another delicacy that the pigs feed on their speeds their growth rate. It is always mixed with their food. But it must be boiled to kill the germs that came with the blood.We will get it from the Abattoir.
Antibiotics This presents them from disease outbreak and to cure any client at any given time and to nourish their body.We will buy from the veterinary medicare store.
WaterThey drink it and sometimes swim in it.From the borehole.

Production equipment

  • land
  • Generator
  • 10 chamber rooms
  • Borehole
  • Plastic tank (2)
  • Wheelbarrow
  • Head pans & shovels

Production process

The production process in ___________ pig farming business starts from the stocking of the farm with weaners, (piglet) when they are one month old and culturing it, taking care of it from them tell when it will be 4 months in my pig farm, i.e. the maturity stage. This is when the meat is ready for the market and can be supplied or butchered and sells on a table to consumers.

Pig Farming Business Plan (updated) 4

Production cost

___________ pig farming business intends to start with 100 weaners that will mature in four months i.e. brood and sale. So in a year, we intend to brood 300 weaners and sell them.

The cost of a weaner i.e. 100 weaners is N800, 000

Initial Investment Cost:

S/NRaw MaterialUnit RequiredCost Per UnitTotal Value
1.Weaner & transport1008,000800,000
2.Blood meal150 gallon1,200180,000
3.PKC (feed)20 tons40,000800,000
4.Antibiotics, drugs80,000
5.Disinfectants60,000
6.Transportation60,000
7.Labour4 months only15,00060,000
8.Vet medicine services4 months10,00040,000
   2,080,000

Stock control process

I intend to use manual record-keeping which entails a paper-based record-keeping system for the fact that it is less expensive, correcting entries may be easier with manual systems, as opposed to computerized ones that can leave complicated audit traits and the risk of corrupted data is much less and data loss is less of risk.

RECORD KEEPING DOCUMENTS ARE AS FOLLOWS:

S/NBOOKS TO BE KEPTREASON
1.Income & expenditure recordTo know my income and expenditure on the farm.
2.Annual valuation recordTo know the statement of the value of stocks at the beginning & end of the year.
3.Farm diaryTo know the daily activities on the farm.
4.Farm monetary of tools & propertiesTo know the items on the farm and their value.
5.Profit and loss accountTo know the success and failure of the business.
6.The yield of production recordTo know the yield of crops cultivated on the farm.
7.Labor recordsTo know how much was paid for Labour during the period.
8.Sales recordTo know the total product sold during the period.
9.Purchase recordTo know the expenses made on the pig farm.

The method of inventory to adopt is FIFO i.e. first in, first out.

Pre–operating activities and expenses

S/NITEMSDESCRIPTIONTOTAL AMOUNT
1LandWhere the whole activity will be doneowned
2BoreholeThis will supply water to the pig farm250,000
3Plastic tanksFor water reservation125,000
4GeneratorIt Will be used to pumping water150,000
510 chamber roomsThis is where the pigs will be kept1,800,000
  2,325,000

Organizational and Management Plan

Ownership of the business

The ___________ pig farms is a sole proprietorship business that is being owned and managed by ___________ The Manager from _________.

I prefer sole proprietorship ownership to enable me to explore any strategy that will enhance the growth of the farm.

Profile of the entrepreneur

Please, add the profile of the entrepreneur.

Key management staff

___________ Pig farms is the initiative of ___________, who is the founder and director with the highest share capital in the business. The business is a private company that will grow into PLC in the future, and the founder shall be an active participant in the management decision. The business is a private business that will be incorporated with the Nigeria cooperate Affairs Commission (CAC). Farm owners saw the need to venture into piggery (a branch of agriculture), to principally help eradicate hunger and create employment for the youth of Nigeria. To be able to achieve her objectives, of ___________ Pig farms intends to employ capable people with great team spirit to manage the business.  The key management staff is tabulated below:

StaffNo.FunctionsSkill
Farm manager1Will give management direction to the business. He will be doing the general managerial works on the farm. The farm director is the CEO/MD of ___________ Pig farms.Will be experienced in management and farming operations. The skills of the business administrator will be very important. The Manager has entrepreneurial qualities of determination and innovation that will make him succeed in the business.
Farm attendants2Will do the stocking, feeding, and maintenance of the farm. They will operate under supervision.Will be trained to do the job.
Farm vet doctor1Will be resisting the farm twice a month to inspect the health condition of the pigs, and other future livestock products.He/she will be an experienced veterinary doctor.
Chief accountant1It will be on a contract basis on the farm. The accountant is needed for financial advice and audition.He/she will be an experienced accountant.
Farm lawyer1It will be on a contract basis I the farm. He shall be responsible for purchasing the company properties, legal advice, and other legal issues in the company.I will be an experienced lawyer.
Security men2Will ensure the security of the farm, gatekeeping, and the constant secured status of the farm.Will be experienced in security and gatekeeping work.
Farm driver2In charge of driving the company vehicles.Experienced drivers with at least an o’ level certificate.

Details of the salary schedule

SALARY STRUCTURE FOR 3 YEARS                                            

1ST YEAR SALARY STRUCTURE

STAFFMONTHLY SAL.4-MONTH SAL.ANNUAL SAL.
Farm directorN 20,000N 80, 000N 240, 000
Farm attendant 1N 10, 000N 40, 000N 120, 000
    
TotalN 30, 000N 120, 000N 360, 000

                                        2ND YEAR SALARY STRUCTURE

STAFFMONTHLY SAL.4-MONTH SAL.ANNUAL SAL.
Farm directorN 25, 000N 100, 000N 300, 000
Farm attendant 1N 12, 000N48, 000N 144, 000
Farm attendant 2N 10, 000N 40, 000N 120, 000
    
Total N 188, 000N 564, 000

                                       3RD YEAR SALARY STRUCTURE

Same as 2nd year.

Organizational Structure

The expected hierarchy and channel of information flow in ___________ Pig farms can be best described using the organizational chart.

pig farm business proposal organogram

Financial Plan

Financial assumption

Some of the important assumptions that support my estimation is as follows:

  1. The loan interest rate is assumed to be 9%
  2. The loan and accrued interest rate are paid annually and spread across the 4 months of the year by dividing by 3
  3. It is assumed that insurance premium is at 2% of total insurable risk
  4. It is assumed that the depreciation rate is 20%
  5. It is assumed that the price is constant over a given period
  6. It is assumed that the mortality rate on the farm is 4%
  7. It is assumed that the cost of sales/buying is constant over a given period
  8. It is assumed that the maturity/harvest time is 4 months
  9. The profit and loss plan is calculated in 4 months.

Start-up capital

ActivityDescription/detailsAmount
Pre–operating expensesBorehole250,000
Plastic tank125,000
Generator150,000
10 chamber room building1,800,000
Initial stock100 weaner and transport800,000
Initial operationBlood meal180,000
ExpensesPKC (feed)800,000
Antibiotics, drugs, treatment, and disinfectants140,000
Transportation60,000
Labour40,000
Veterinary doctor services40,000
Advert and miscellaneous20,000
TOTAL 4,405,000

Source of Capital

SourceAmount
Shareholder Equity500,000
Loan4,000,000
Total4,500,000

Security for loan

The security to access loan capital shall be a parcel of land located at “location”

Loan repayment plan

LOAN = N 4, 000, 000

INTEREST RATE = 9%

YearLoan BalanceInterestAmount DueMonthly RepaymentTotal Paid
1 4,000,000.00360,000.004,360,000.00180,000.001,080,000.00
22,920,000.00262,800.003,182,800.00150,000.001,800,000
31,120,000.00100,800.001,220,800.00101,735.001,220,820.00

NOTE:  The loan is repaid monthly after 6 months period of moratorium. Total repayment period of 30 months.

Business Risk and Mitigating Factor

Business risk

Some of the risks normally encountered are as follows:

  1. Risk of diseases outbreak
  2. Risk of stunted growth
  3. Risk of malnutrition
  4. Risk of deflation
  5. Risk of stealing
  6. Burning encroachment
  7. Increase in price of raw material with a decrease in the sale price
  8. Increase in tax
  9. Increase in cost of production
  10. Implementation of harsh policies
  11. Damage or loss of equipment’s
  12. Mismanagement of fund etc.

SWOT analysis

Strength and opportunity of the business

There are business internal environmental factors that can affect the business.

Patents: – ___________ Pig farms will ensure that our products will be certified by the standard organization of Nigeria (SON) and get our trademark. Also, our future services like the company’s book will be patent so that no illegal competitor can copy them.

Strong brand names: – One unique marketing strategy of our products is that it is not meant for everybody, our products are only meant for our customers, so we produce a commodity, but a brand. At the startup of the strong brand name, but with time we shall succeed.

Good reputation among customers: – ___________ company is a business where there shall be trust between us and our customers. We shall maintain quality, make on-time delivery of our products to our suppliers, and keep to our words.

Cost advantages from proprietary know-how: – the management of ___________ Pig farms here made through research and discovered the best way to optimize the cost of pig production. We can now harvest our matured pigs in 4-months against most of our competitors that almost spend 7-8 months to raise a mature pig.

Opportunities and threats (O.T.)

-There are business external environmental factors that can affect business growth and profits.

Unfulfilled customers need: – The mission of ___________ Pig farms is to innovate and respond to the customer’s needs in a well-defined market. The producers of pigs (pork meat) in Abia State and its environs do not produce enough meat to satisfy the market. There is still a demand-supply gap, and ___________ Pig farms want to bridge this gap with our unique product.

Government regulations: – Nigerian government wants the number of local producers to increase before placing a ban on imported livestock food. If it happens it will give us the great size of the market.

Financial Forecast

Sales forecast

sales forecast of pig farming business proposal

Cost of piglets forecast

pig farm cost of piglets

Operating expenses forecast

pig farming operating expenses

Profit and loss account

piggery business profit & loss forecast

Cash Flow Plan

Download Cashflow

Miscellaneous

Annual profit projection

chart of profit - pig farming

Insurance details

1ST YEAR INSURABLE ASSETS

AssetAmount
Plastic tank (2)125000
Generator150000
10 chamber room for pigs1,800,000
Borehole250,000
Total2,325,000
Insurance premium2% of insurable assets per annum
Premium46,500 per annum

2ND YEAR INSURABLE ASSETS

AssetAmount
Plastic tank200000
Generator150000
12 chamber room for pigs2,160,000
Borehole250,000
Total2,760,000.00
Insurance premium2% of insurable assets per annum
Premium55,200 per annum

3RD YEAR INSURABLE ASSETS

Same as year 2.

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